MBON is a partnership among NOAA, NASA, and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. MBON partners are working to integrate with other networks, including the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System, NOAA's Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA), the Ocean Biogeographic Information System, the Global Ocean Observing System, and the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network to make data available and accessible locally, nationally, and globally.
Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri)
Since 1969, Esri has been giving users around the world the power to think and plan geographically. The market leader in GIS technology, Esri software is used in more than 350,000 organizations worldwide including each of the 200 largest cities in the United States, most national governments, more than two-thirds of Fortune 500 companies, and more than 7,000 colleges and universities. Through a public-private partnership with USGS, NOAA, NatureServe and many others, Esri has developed a first-ever map of global ecological marine units (EMUs), produced from data collected over a 50-year period and commissioned under the GEO Global Ecosystems Initiatives (GECO) arising from the GEO 2016 Transitional Workplan. www.esri.com/oceans U.S.
Group on Earth Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON)
Within the GEO family, GEO BON represents biodiversity, one of GEO’s nine Societal-Benefit-Areas. GEO BON is building up for the pathway to link biodiversity data and metadata to GEOSS, the Global Earth Observation System of Systems. The GEO BON Working Group 5 is focused on Marine Ecosystem Change to define the distribution, extent, and condition of marine ecosystems and how this changes over time. www.geobon.org
Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS)
OBIS brings together marine biological occurrence data – recorded observations of identifiable marine species at a known time and place. Created by the Census of Marine Life, OBIS presently operates under the umbrella of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO) global data system which compiles data on marine species and their locations that serves researchers, students, and policymakers, helping them to identify areas that remain unexplored and where more research might be targeted. OBIS has 22 regional nodes, managed by organizations that have committed to a continued support of OBIS within a geographic and/or national region. Additional thematic OBIS Nodes contribute data based on taxonomic groups. www.iobis.org.
Smithsonian MarineGEO & Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network
The Smithsonian has established the Marine Global Earth Observatory (MarineGEO), directed by the Smithsonian’s Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network (TMON). The project field sites include: the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center on the Chesapeake Bay; the Smithsonian’s Indian River Lagoon, Fort Pierce, FL; Carrie Bow Cay in Belize; the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama located at Bocas Del Toro on the Caribbean and the Naos station on the Pacific Ocean. MarineGEO Hawaiʻi on Kaneʻohe Bay Oahu was established by the Smithsonian Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) and the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. http://marinegeo.si.edu/
The U.S. MBON projects are funded under the National Ocean Partnership Program (NOPP RFP NOAA-NOS-IOOS-2014-2003803) in partnership between NOAA, BOEM, and NASA, with the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS) program pioneering the implementation.
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