In the United States, MBON projects have been established in Chukchi Sea, Alaska, the Florida Keys, Monterey Bay and Santa Barbara Channel in California. The MBON projects seek to demonstrate how an operational marine biodiversity observation network can be developed, and lay the foundation for the creation of the first national network to monitor marine biodiversity.
The MBON projects are funded under the National Ocean Partnership Program (NOPP RFP NOAA-NOS-IOOS-2014-2003803) in partnership between NOAA, BOEM, and NASA, with the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS) program pioneering the implementation. See below for information about the U.S. MBON Sponsors and MBON Partner organizations.
The National Oceanographic Partnership Program facilitates joint funding of projects of mutual interest to different institutions. The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Partnerships (IWG-OP) Biodiversity Ad Hoc Committee is co-chaired by NOAA (Gabrielle Canonico), NASA (Woody Turner), and BOEM (James Price) to advance biodiversity science and discover opportunities for collaboration and leveraging.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA monitors Earth's vital signs from land, air and space with a fleet of satellites and ambitious airborne and ground-based observation campaigns. NASA develops new ways to observe and study Earth's interconnected natural systems with long-term data records and computer analysis tools to better see how our planet is changing. NASA's Biodiversity Research Program utilizes satellite observations and computer models to improve our understanding of biodiversity -- the variety of life at all levels ranging from genes to species and ecosystems -- and the role of life in the Earth system.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
NOAA's mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources. Join us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and our other social media channels.
U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS)
U.S. IOOS is comprised of 17 federal agencies, 11 regional associations (RAs), and a technology verification and validation organization (the Alliance for Coastal Technologies (ACT). U.S. IOOS has a mandate to “lead the integration of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes observing capabilities, in collaboration with Federal and non-Federal partners, to maximize access to data and generation of information products, inform decision making, and promote economic, environmental, and social benefits to our nation and the world.”
The Bureau Of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)
The BOEM is in the United States Department of Interior and is responsible for managing development of the nation's offshore resources in an environmentally and economically responsible way. Functions include: Leasing, Plan Administration, Environmental Studies, National Environmental Policy Act Analysis, Resource Evaluation, Economic Analysis and the Renewable Energy Program. BOEM’s Environmental Studies Program develops, conducts and oversees world-class scientific research to inform policy decisions regarding the development of energy and mineral resources on the Outer Continental Shelf. BOEM is contributing to the Santa Barbara Channel and Alaska MBON projects.
Shell Oil Company is a global natural oil and gas producer with active developments in the US. For lease sales held in the Arctic by Shell, the company has invested significantly in environmental research and monitoring over the last decade. In 2014, Shell contributed to the Arctic MBON to provide biological and environmental measurements around the lease sale areas in the Northern Chukchi Sea as part of the company's environmental studies program.
The U.S. MBON projects are funded under the National Ocean Partnership Program (NOPP RFP NOAA-NOS-IOOS-2014-2003803) in partnership between NOAA, BOEM, and NASA, with the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS) program pioneering the implementation.
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